Monday, September 25, 2017

Tree Pruning

Pruning is the removal of plant parts - usually shoots and branches, but sometimes buds, roots and even flowers and fruit. By pruning, one can direct the growth of plants to enhance their performance and the landscape. Proper pruning is vital to keep trees healthy. If dead or broken limbs are not removed, decay can spread to healthy wood, making it susceptible to disease and insects. See our before and after pictures.

Proper pruning not only enhances the beauty of your trees, but it is necessary for their continuing health and vigor. Removing dead wood, correcting weak branching habits, reducing wind resistance, and improving overall appearance and safety of your trees is of the utmost importance in any landscape maintenance plan. Correct pruning techniques also improve the insect and disease resistance of a tree. Done regularly, proper pruning will help your trees last for generations.

Pruning Types – below are the different types of pruning to consider:

  • Crown Cleaning - the selective removal of the following: dead, dying, diseased crowded branches, weak branches lower vigor branches and water sprouts from the tree canopy, shrub or hedge.
  • Crown Thinning - the selective removal of branches to increase light and air circulation throughout the canopy, also lessens wind resistance and damage potential from storms. Thinning reduces weight on heavy limbs, and helps restore the tree's natural shape.
  • Crown Raising/Elevating - the removal of the lower branches of a tree to provide clearance vista, vehicles and pedestrians.
  • Crown Reduction, or Crown Shaping - decreases the height and/or spread of a tree canopy by pruning back leaders. It is important to examine the ability of a species to sustain this type of pruning.
  • Structural/Vista Pruning - is selective thinning of limbs or specific areas of the crown to improve appearance, allow a view maintain space between other trees, buildings, or power lines.
  • Crown Restoration - Crown Restoration pruning should improve the structure, form and appearance of trees which have been severely headed, vandalized, or storm damaged.

Many trees species naturally develop a crown with desirable branch spacing characteristic structure. Even though many more branches initially grow than will survive, competition and shading allow some branches to develop more rapidly than others. Smaller, weaker branches die, and many are shed in a natural pruning process. Trees allowed to develop with minimal pruning will often require only correction of obvious structural faults, such as poorly positioned or strongly competing limbs, weak branch attachments, or limbs that are damaged or dead.